1. Identify the basic components of computer system
2. Turn system on/off
3. Identify the major components of the window desktop
4. Use the mouse and keyboard
5. Start and exit a software program
6. Use the menu bar, toolbar, and sizing buttons
7. Crate, save, and print documents using word
8. Describe the difference between the internet and the web
9. Use a browser
10. Use a search engine to find information.
11. Create, read, and reply to e-mail.
Desktop Computer Components
1. Storage Devices- Floppy Disk, CD
drive, DVD drive, USB chip(flash drive)
7. System Unit (CPU and RAM)
1. Explain why most computers are digital 0 - 1
2. Describe the role of a microporcessors ALU, control unit, registers,
and instruction set.
3. List the factors that affect microprocessor performance.
4. List facts about RAM that are important to computer buyers and
5. Difference between magnetic, optical and solid state storage.
6. User criteria such as versatility, durability, capacity, access time,
and data transfer rates to compare Floppy, hard, tapes, cd, dvd and usb
7. CRT, LCD or Plasma
8. Printers, ink jet, solid ink, thermal, dye sublimation, laser, dot
9. Describe a computers expansion bus, expansion slots PCI ISA
10. hardware compatibility considerations, device drivers and procedures
involved in installing peripheral device.
11.. Super computers, main frames, mini computers, PCs', file server, web
12. Operating systems - windows, Mac OS, Unix, Cisco, Linux
13. Applications - word, excel, access, power point, graphics, etc.
14. ASCII 8 bits = byte, byte=A-Z,a-z,0-9, American puncation.-255
15. Unicode 16 bits=byte, byte=all known written languages on the
16. Email -
17, Synchronous communication -
both parties online - chat rooms, web conferencing, Skype
Asynchronous communication - post messages - email, Facebook, blogs,
19. World wide web - documents, graphics, and sound access
over the internet.
20. Convergence - smart phone -pda, camera,
phone, internet access
21. Globalization - internet allows commerce
to flow between countries. everyone dependent upon everyone else.
22. Microcontrollers - cpu with a specific purpose built into a
23.Passwords - how to secure. What is good password.
Fake websites, phishing, hacker, keylogger
NSA tracking technology Patriot act.
26. Internet Marketing -
Business to Business, Business to government, Consumer to Consumer,
Consumer to Business, Banking now done online. Electronic
deposits, auto pay.
1. Peripheral devices-input, output, storage devices.
2. System unit-case that hold computer
3. Keyboard - primary input
4.Mouse -input device.
5. Hard Disk - storage device
6.Opticaldrive - storage device with CD, DVD, Blueray
system- mono to stereo using sound board
8. Display system- graphic
cards, monitors, LCD, LED
9. Network and internet:
Ethernet 802.11 CSMACD, HTTP:
10. Printer-inkjet, laser -output
11. Form factor - size and dimensions of a component.
Desktop - set on a desk and use power from wall socket. 200 to 1500
13. Portable - all in one battery or power outlet.
14. Notebook aka laptop small open like clam shell. Battery or
15. Tablet - touch screen used a writing or drawing
16. Netbook -much small then laptop. No dvd or cd.
computer systems have become much more powerful. Most users access
networks and the internet. Can also be home office system.
platforms - windows, MacOs, Linux. If you have mac with intel chip
set you can install windows on it.
19. Upgrading of PC is adding
memory, new cpu, external HD, new graphics card, new ports USB or HDMI,
new monitor, dvd new speakers.
20.MOD - is a custom hand built
modification to a computer system component
21. CPU -
multicore - more that one processer in chip.
22. Front side bus
- circuitry going into cpu - faster the better
23. CPU cache -
special high speed memory - increase performance.
24. Word size =
number of bits that a processor can execute.
25. CISC - complex
instruction set computer.
26. RISC - reduced instruction set
computer - faster then CISC
27. Serial processing -must complete all
steps before it begins next instruction set.
28. Pipelining - can
begin executing an instruction before it completes the previous
29, Parallel processing -multiple instructions are
executed at the same time.
30. Benchmarks - test run on various
computers to test there functioning.
31. Windows Index - entered in
the search box will return the benchmark.
Chapter 3 Objectives:
1. Describe the components of a typical software package.
2. Trace the development of computer program from its inception as a set
of high-level language instructions into machine language.
3. Describe the differences between system software and application
4. Describe the way an operating system manages each computer resource.
5. Identify operating systems for personal computers, PDA, and servers.
6. Explain the key features and uses for word processing, desktop
publishing, and web authoring software.
7. Describe the major features of spreadsheet software.
8. Describe the key features of database software.
9. List the types of software available for graphics, video, music,
education and reference, entertainment, and business.
10. Explain how to install and uninstall software, whether is supplied on CD or a web download.
11. Describe the differences among new software versions, software
patches, and service packs.
12. Describe the rights granted by copyright law, commercial software
licenses, share ware licenses, freeware licenses, open source licenses,
and public domain software.
13, System Software - operation systems, Device Drivers, Utilities,
14. Application Software - AKA productivity
software is any type of software that has the potential to help people
do thier work
15. Groupware - help people collaborate on a project..
16.Utility Software - help monitor and configure settings for you
computer system - antivirus, pop up ad blockers, firewalls, spam
filters. Also security software. Adobe reader.
desktop widget is specialized utility software - calendars, clocks, etc.
On the desktop
18. Device driver are used by peripheral devices to
establish communication with computer - printer, scanner, etc.
Word processing software -use for letters, envelops. Word,
Wordperfect, OpenOffice writer. Mail merge with a table or
20. Desktop publishing -use graphic design to enhance the
format and appearance of a document.
21. Web authoring software -
design and develop Web pages - dreamweaver, expression web.
art, word art, smart art.
23.Spread Sheet - Excel, Lotus123,
use row and columns ofl numbers to create a model or representation of a
real situation. What if analysis.use standard functions and can
24. Statistical software analyze large sets of data
to discover relationships and patterns.
25. Mathematical software
tools for solving a wide range of math, science, and engineering
26. Money management software. tools for tracking monetary
transactions and investments.
27.Tax preparation software -
help prepare your taxes.
28. Database sofware collection of data
store in computer-fields, records, tables, joins. Query, Structure Query
Language used to extract data from tables., keyword search.
29.Graphic software - create, minipulae and print graphics.
Paint, Coral draw, Photo editing - Adobe Photoshop. Drawing
software - adobe illustrator, CorelDraw. 3-D graphics set of tools
for creating wire frames that represent three dimensional objects.
CAD -computer aided design- AutoCad , TurboCAD- Presentation -
PowerPoint ,Work Keynote.
30. Music Software -audio editing software,
Computer-aided music software is designed to generate unique
musical compositions. MIDI sequencing forsound effects and controlling
keyboards and other digital instruments.
31. Video editing used for
editing videos with the computer.
32.DVD authoring used for creating
33. Educational used for educational reader rabbit,
Word dective, SAT,GMAT and LSAT
34. Entertainment - computer games -
multiplayer games - Pong to World of Warcraft, Halo, EverQuest on
35.Business software - Vertical market,
horizontal market, payroll, accounting, project management .
Software suite is a collection of software applications sold as a single
37. System requirements specify the operation system and
minimum hardware capacities necessary for a software product to work.
38. Software is found in many places - apps - sold online.
39. Copy write legal protection that grants the author of an original
work an exclusive right to copy, distribute, sell, and modify that work.
40. Pirated software - stolen
41. Software license is a legal
contract that defines the ways in which you may use a computer program.
42. Single user license limits use to one person at a time.
license for all computer in a specific location.
wrap license goes into effect as soon a you open the pacakage.
EULA - end user license agreement.
46. Public domain software not
copyright - never had or it experied.
47. Demo ware - distributed
48. Shareware - try before you buy.
49. Freeware- copywriter
software for free.
50. Open source software makes source code
available to programmers. - Linux
51. Software package is made up of
many files. .exe, .dll, .dat, etc.
52. Software installation
is a process that places a program into a compouter so the it can be run
53. Local application is softwarethtis designed to
resideon acompouters hard disk.
54. Setup program -copies files or
downloads to specific folder, uncompress files, analyzes the computers
resources., and analyzes hardware components,
looks for any system
files and players that are required to run the program., updates
necessary system files.
55. Windows registrey is a database tha
tkeeps track of your computers peripheral devices, software,
Chapter 4 Objectives:
1. Create valid names for files and folders, plus demonstrate that
you can construct and trace file paths.
2. Demonstrate how to use file management features of application
software and operating system utilities.
3. Explain how file viruses, boot sector viruses, macro viruses, Trojan
horses, worms, and denial of service attacks affect files and disrupt
4. Describe how a computer owner can use antivirus software to avoid,
find, and remove viruses.
5. Demonstrate that you can implement a viable backup and restore plan.
6. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of using tapes, floppy
disks, a second hard disk, cds, zip disks, networks and web sites for
Chapter 5 Objectives:
1. Describe the characteristics of various networks such as homeplc,
homepna, Ethernet, Wi-Fi, token ring, FDDI, Mans, Wans, Lans, Nans,
Pans, client/server and peer to peer.
2. Diagram Shannon's model of a communications network
3. List the type of cable and other links typically used for data
4. make a list of network devices, explain the role of each one, and
indicate wherever they are typically used on the internet or with LANs.
5. Describe the role of communications protocols and list some protocols
associated with internet and lans.
6. Explain the difference between packet switching and circuit switching
7. Briefly recount the history of the internet.
8. Draw a conceptual diagram illustrating the internet backbone, NAP,
NSP, routers and ISP.
9. Explain when and why you might use Ping and Tracer route utilities.
10. Explain the differences between permanent IP address, dynamic Ip
address, private IP address, and domain names.
11. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of dial up, cable modem,
DSL, ISDN, T1, T3, and wireless internet access.
12. Explain when and why it is important to implement security measures,
such as antivirus software, firewalls, and network address translation.
1. What is the definition of a computer in the
dictionary as per the text book.
2. Computer Sizes
b. PC - Microcomputer
d. Main Frame
e. Super Computer
f. Clock speed
g. expansion slots
3. Computer Chips
g. CPU - I/O, Logic, Math
4. Relation operators
5. Logic Operators
a. Twisted Pair - Shielded and unshielded
c. Fiber Optic
f. Super Conductor
g. Frequency -Hz
d. Internet - publicly owned
1. IP - 32 bit
4. NIC - Ethernet-CSMACD
7. e-mail , SMTP, Slip, POP,
8. Workstation - client
9. Server - host
e. Intranet - privately owned
m. Peer to Peer
n. Packet switching
o. Circuit switching
p. Full Duplex
8. Window explorer move, copy, delete, rename files
a. Click-Shift Click- mark contiguous block of files,
text, records, cells
b. Ctrl - Click- mark non-contiguous block of files,
text, records, cells
e. Alt - PriScn - capture active widow and move into
9. System Maintenance
a. Clean Disk
c. Back Up
a. ASCII - 8 bit=byte
11. Operating Systems file lengths
12. Auxiliary Storage
a. Hard Drive - platter- Random access
b. Floppy Drive random access
c. CD - random access
d. CD RW Random Access
e. USB Flash Memory random access
f. Tape - sequential access
g. Format disk
2. tracks, sectors, clusters
13. Modem -
a. binary to analog - modulation
b. analog to binary - demodulation
14. File extents
15. File transfer FTP
e. Dial Up - slowest 45 to 64KB
f. DSL - Faster 1.5 MB
g. Cable Modems - Fastest
h. DSS- Wireless- 500KB
i. T1 - 1.55MB
j. T3 - 43MB
1. Word - word processing
2. Excel - spreadsheet
3. Paint - graphics
4. Access - database
5. Power Point - presentation
6. FrontPage - Web
7. Outlook - e-mail
7. Site license
8. Anti Virus
a. boot sector
19. Software License
b. Shareware- try before you buy
c. Freeware - for free
d. Open Source software - source code available
e. Public domain - freely copied. cannot be copyrighted.